What is Massage?
Massage is the manual manipulation of soft tissue and includes holding, causing movement, and/or applying pressure to the muscles, tendons, ligaments and fascia. It is applied to patients experiencing subacute and chronic pain, stress and anxiety, and in the prevention, rehabilitation and maintenance of health conditions.
- Therapeutic Massage is the treatment of the whole body to relieve the symptoms of chronic complaints including physical and psychological conditions using specific muscle/soft tissue manipulation and relaxation techniques to relieve discomfort, and improve function and well-being. It includes the following range of techniques:
- Massage Therapy is the practice of massage by accredited professionals to achieve positive health and well-being (physical, functional, and psychological outcomes) in clients.
- Manual Lymphatic Drainage (MLD) is a gentle massage technique that is recognised as a key component of manual decongestive therapy. MLD aims to encourage fluid away from congested areas by increasing the activity of normal lymphatics and bypassing ineffective or obliterated lymph vessels in order to reduce swelling and encourage lymph flow. It is highly recommended in the International Consensus – Best Practice for The management of Lymphoedema.
- Swedish Massage consists of passive and active movements of bending and stretching, and five broad massage strokes. Each of these strokes has a specific role to play in contributing to the overall massage sequence as follows:
1. Effleurage: gliding strokes with the palms, thumbs and/or fingertips and forearms.
2. Petrissage: kneading movements with the hands, thumbs and/or fingertips and forearms.
3. Friction: circular, rectilinear and transverse pressures with the palms of hands, thumbs and/or fingertips.
4. Vibration: oscillatory movements that shake or vibrate the body.
5. Percussion or Tapotement: brisk rhythmical percussion technique.
- Remedial Massage is the objective assessment, treatment and rehabilitation of the signs, symptoms and causes of biomechanical dysfunction or injury, using specific mobilisation techniques, in order to restore normal health and function.
- Myotherapy involves the assessment and physical treatment of myofascial pain, injury and dysfunction affecting movement and mobility. Myotherapy is applied in the preventative, corrective and rehabilitative phases of therapy to restore and maintain the normal integrity of the soft tissue structure (muscles, tendons, ligaments and fascia) of the human body.
- Deep Tissue Massage focuses on the deeper layers of soft tissue in order to reach the deep sections of thick muscles and individual muscle fibres. Using deep muscle compression and friction along the grain of the muscle, the purpose of Deep Tissue Massage is to free congestion of the fibres of the muscles, release toxins and deep tensions, and improve blood flow and oxygen delivery.
- Sports Therapy Massage is an application of massage, not a particular massage technique. The type of massage technique or treatment applied is dependent on the nature of the stage of training or competition, sports injury or condition and the assessment of the remedial Massage Therapist. Sport therapy massage involves the objective assessment and treatment of the athlete. The focus being on prevention and treatment of sports related conditions. It includes preparation prior to competition both physically and psychologically and subsequent recovery from training and competition of amateur and elite level athletes. Remedial Massage Therapy is recognised by the Australian Olympic Committee as a legitimate therapy.